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Alzheimer’s disease

What is Alzheimer’s Disease?

Alzheimer’s disease is a condition that affects millions of people worldwide, yet it’s often misunderstood.

Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive brain disorder that affects memory, thinking skills, and behaviour. It is the most common cause of dementia, a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life. Alzheimer’s gets worse over time, gradually affecting more cognitive functions.

Symptoms of Alzheimer’s:

-Memory loss that disrupts daily life

-Challenges in planning or solving problems

-Difficulty completing familiar tasks at home, at work, or in leisure

-Confusion with time or place

-Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships

-New problems with words in speaking or writing

-Misplacing things and losing the ability to retrace steps

-Decreased or poor judgement

-Withdrawal from work or social activities

-Changes in mood and personality

Causes of Alzheimer’s:

The exact cause of Alzheimer’s disease is not fully understood, but it is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Some risk factors include age, family history, genetics, head injuries, and certain health conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease.

Support and Treatment:

While there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, there are treatments and strategies to help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. These may include medications to help with memory and thinking, therapies such as occupational therapy and cognitive stimulation, and lifestyle interventions like regular exercise and a healthy diet. Additionally, support from family, friends, and caregivers is crucial in providing emotional and practical assistance to those living with Alzheimer’s.


Alzheimer’s disease is a challenging condition that affects millions of individuals and their families worldwide. By understanding its symptoms, causes, and available support and treatment options, we can better support those living with Alzheimer’s and work towards a world where individuals can live well with the disease. If you or a loved one are experiencing symptoms of Alzheimer’s, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management.

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